WHAT IS BOXING?
Boxing is a combat sport of prehistoric origin in which two participants (generally) of similar weight fight each other with their fists. There have been many informal forms of boxing throughout the centuries, since getting two people to fight with fists is in essence a fairly primitive sport, but boxing is now generally conducted in a regulated way, typically in a series of one to three-minute intervals called rounds. Victory is achieved if the opponent is knocked down and unable to get up before the referee counts to ten (a Knockout, or KO) or if the opponent is deemed too injured to continue (a Technical Knockout, or TKO). If there is no stoppage of the fight before an agreed number of rounds, a winner is determined either by the referee's decision or by judges' scorecards.
HISTORYThe records of practising this sport go back to prehistoric times. In China of the Zhou Dynasty (12th century B.C.), this combat system included techniques such as strikes, throws, joint manipulation, and pressure point attacks.
The ancient Greeks, and later the ancient Romans, had a sport called 'pugilism' (a term now often used for boxing) which resembled boxing. It contrasted with ancient Greek wrestling in that it was based on the use of fists.
In ancient Rome, the athletic form of boxing was adopted from the Greeks and remained popular throughout the Roman world. The other form of boxing was gladiatorial.
This classical sport resurfaced in England during the early 18th century in the form of bare-knuckle boxing, sometimes referred to as prizefighting. 1867 the Marquess of Queensberry rules, intended for use in both professional and amateur boxing matches, were issued, and now this code is generally accepted.